Common cutting agents in buphedrone
Levamisol is an anthelmintic (used in veterinary medicine against worm infestation), which was formerly also used in human medicine. As an admixture to buphedrone, the substance has become more common in recent years. Various side effects reported in connection with levamisole include: allergic reactions (difficulty breathing, swelling of the lips, tongue, face) and impairment of the central nervous system (e.g. confusion or unconsciousness, extreme fatigue). The most worrying side effect of levamisole is a change in blood count called agranulocytosis. This leads to a reduction in white blood cells, which in turn – due to immune deficiency – can lead to life-threatening infections.